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Pony Club NSW

K Certificate




The K Certificate is an alternative certificate to the C Star, between C & B.  It is designed for the active rider and covers many equestrian aspects not included in other certificates.  The K comprises a compulsory section and a wide variety of optional subjects.  The minimum age of candidates is 14 years.  Pre-requisites are D and C certificate. A ‘K Coordinator’ will be appointed by the Club or Zone and act as advisor to the candidates in helping them cover the work, and arrange lectures and demonstrations by experts in the various subjects.




- Active Riding             - Distance Ride             - Horse Care            - Pony Club Service               
- Agility                        - Horsemastership        - Horse Health           - General Knowledge

Optional:             The candidate must choose at least two subjects from each section (A, B & C).  The seventh subject may be chosen from any section.


Section A

·         Showjumping – candidate must complete a min of three 90cm courses, be conversant with PCA, EFA & FEI rules of showjumping

·         Cross country riding – candidate must complete a min of two ODE cross country courses at 90cm, be conversant with PCA, EFA and FEI rules of competition

·         Riding at a given pace – candidate must be able to ride at 220, 300, 350, 400 and 450 metres per minute.

·         Give a show of agility with the horse – candidate must show considerable ability eg bareback at various paces, vaulting, gymnastics on horseback, bareback jumping etc.

·         Tent Pegging – candidate must be able to show proficiency with the lance, have taken part in a tent pegging competition, and know the rules of the competition.

·         Stock Work/Campdrafting – candidate must have had extensive experience in handling mobs or sheep, cattle or horses on horseback, be able to use a stockwhip.

·         Polo or Polocrosse – candidate must be able to show proficiency with a stick & ball, have some game experience, and know the rules of the chosen game.

·         Dressage – candidate must have reached EFA Prelim or equivalent PC standard, have competed in at least 5 tests and have gained at least 55% of the marks (eventing dressage is not acceptable)

·         Hunting – candidate must have taken part in at least three meets, know etiquette and customs.

·         Mounted Games – candidate must have competed in a team, be able to demonstrate vaulting, be conversant with the rules for chosen games.

·         Any other approved activity – candidate must be proficient at chosen activity, be conversant with rules for their chosen ridden activity eg side saddle, tetrathlon, western, novelties/sporting events etc.

Section B

·         Knots – candidate must demonstrate 5 knots and their uses in horse & stable management splice a rope, backsplice or whip the end.

·         Course designing for showjumping – candidate must have assisted a recognised course designer on at least 3 occasions, have assisted at pony club, be conversant with the rules which apply to course designing, have knowledge of distance & related fences, have an awareness of safety

·         Course designing for cross country – as for showjumping

·         Leather work – candidate must be able to cut out and stitch leather and do simple repairs, make a leather object.

·         Clipping – candidate must prepare and clip a horse, know the after care or the clipped horse, demonstrate use of clippers and the care thereof, know types of clip patterns & their application.

·         Shoeing – candidate to provide a horse and under supervision of a farrier must remove a show, trim the foot, refit a shoe.

·         Lungeing – candidate must know principles, benefits and potential dangers of lungeing, know correct equipment required for horse and handler, understand safe practises to be adopted, demonstrate control of horse and walk, trot and halt on command.

·         Float/Truck maintenance – candidate must be conversant with tyre type & pressure, condition of bearings, condition of floor & ramp, lights, coupling/hitch, be able to check braking system, ventilation, state towing rules.

·         Any other approved non-riding, horse related activity – with the approval of the K Co-ordinator.

Section C

·         Endurance Riding – candidate must have trained a horse for, and ridden in an official endurance ride of 80kms, know the rules for endurance riding, be responsible for the preparation, including feed programs, training and care of the horse both during & after the ride.

·         Track work – candidate must ride a racehorse, or drive a trotter/pacer during track work, have acquired sufficient ability to be of use to the trainer

·         Carriage Driving/Harness – candidate must harness a horse & vehicle, demonstrate driving skills, be able to care for harness & equipment, be familiar with safety requirements.

·         Approved project involving horses – candidate must complete a project on any subject involving horses eg pottery, painting, carpentry, history etc

·         Breaking in – candidate must assist a horse breaker at work.

·         Mare & Foal care – candidate must have experience in the care of a mare before & after foaling, the foals’ first handling, the care of the foal for the first year.

·         Showing – candidate must prepare and present for the show ring for both led & ridden classes, have competed in a min 3 official shows.

·         First Aid – candidate must hold a current First Aid Certificate to appropriate State standard.

·         Community work – need not be with horses, eg reading to the blind, mowing lawns for elderly, assisting at RDA.  Candidate must participate in the activity for a period of at least six months.

·         Any youth oriented activity with the approval of the K Co-ordinator – with the approval of the K Co-ordinator

The examination format will be conducted in six sections (note worksheets are to be submitted prior to the examination): - Written paper, Presentation of Horse & Rider, Compulsory Riding, Horsemastership & General Knowledge, Practical Tests and Optional subjects not already examined.


Work Sheets are to be completed verifying experience in the following categories: -


Active Riding

- Candidate must have extensive experience in at least 2 of the options in section A and complete an “Active Riding” worksheet giving a brief account of experience in other riding sports.


Distance Ride

- Prepare a horse for, and ride in a distance ride of at least 40km


Horse Care

- Must have had care of own horse over a long period, or worked on a farm or horse establishment.  Include:

-  summary of daily and regular care noting seasonal changes.  Details of experience in the care of horses fee and shoeing and own veterinary experiences.


Pony Club Service

- Non-ridden activities eg working bees, canteen help, junior committee, newsletter editor, fundraising etc


Chosen Options

- A worksheet is required for each option.  Section A options require a full account of a day spec at the sport, including experience, care and preparation of the horse.



·         Candidates must wear formal PC uniform appropriate for each discipline for all practical tests. 

·         Gear must be clean and correctly fitted.  Horse must be groomed, hooves to show evidence of regular card and attention.



·         Snaffle bit MUST be used, running martingale permitted, horse should trot and canter calmly on either rein. 

·         Candidate to show some fast work in control using a whip, polo stick or the like.  Tests to show riders agility such as mounting without stirrups or bareback, and dismounting/mounting at trot or canter.  Lead on horse from another at walk and trot.



·         Demonstrate how to hold a horse for a vet or farrier, lead a horse through a gateway (saddled & unsaddled), andle a horse’s leg safely, tie a horse up securely and safely.



·         Paddocking – Explain how to do a regular check of horse & paddock and know what to look for, How to care for and work a grass fed horse, Recognise poisonous plants and weeds local area

·         Feeding, Watering, Conditioning - Tie hay net up correctly, Understand principles of feeding and watering, recognise good quality and poor quality hay

·         Recognise & name including their uses: - Barley, bran, chaff, linseed, Lucerne, oats, pellets, rice, molasses and salt

·         Understand feeding in relation to the type of work the horse is doing,

·         Outline a program to bring a horse back in to work after a long spell,

·         Outline a program to get a horse fit to compete in active competition,

·         Explain the importance of the warm up and cool down when exercising or training the horse,

·         Outline the program to let a horse down prior to spelling


Grooming, Trimming, Clipping: -

·         Groom efficiently and effectively, care of mane and tail,

·         Plait for competition,

·         Identify and name different types of clipping patterns & reasons for their use,

·         Explain how to prepare a horse for clipping and how to care for it once it is clipped.


Care of Feet and Shoeing

·         Name and explain the function/use of the following: - Hammer, buffer, rasp, drawing knife, pincers, hoof cutters and clencher,

·         Recognise & explain the features of a correctly show foot,

·         Explain how to take off a shoe naming the tools used at each step,

·         Explain the structure of the horses foot & identify the following: - Heel, bulbs of heel, cleft & point of frog, bars, wall, toe & white line, coronet band.



·         Explain how to care for the horse stabled for a short period of time



·         Explain what parts of the float or truck need regular maintenance,

·         Outline safety procedures that must be followed when loading and unloading a horse,

·         Load & unload a quiet horse with assistance.


Health, Ailments and Injuries:

·         Produce own veterinary kit for emergency use, discuss each item and its uses,

·         Demonstrate a bandage for injury,

·         Describe when to call a vet and what equipment to have ready,

·         Discuss the normal temperature, pulse and respiration of a horse at rest,

·         Describe: - a healthy horse, symptoms of a sick horse, a horse in good & poor condition,

·         Describe how to control worms, bots and other parasites,

·         Describe the action of a lame horse,

·         Describe how to treat deep wounds and skin disorders,

·         Discuss vaccinations that a horse should have,

·         Outline the care of a horses teeth, Age a horse by its teeth up to 8 years, estimate the age after 8years, Knowledge of: - greasy heel, seedy toe, laminitis, cold ,colic and strangles


Saddlery and Equipment

·         Fit the following correctly: - saddle, snaffle bridle, nosebands (cavesson, hanovarian, dropped and grackle), running martingale, stockman’s or hunting and elastic breastplates,

·         Identify & explain the function of bits in every day use,

·         Demonstrate or explain how to care for and clean saddlery, rugs, grooming equipment,

·         Fit leg protection for exercise.


Outline the structure of pony club at Club, Zone, State and National level.  




Street Address:
Office 7, 25 Victoria Street Wollongong NSW 2500
Phone: (02) 42298977
Fax: (02) 42298966
Mailing Address:
PO BOX 2085 Wollongong NSW 2500

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